**general interest books:**

- Alciatore, D.,
*The Illustrated Principles of Pool and Billiards*, Sterling Publishing, 2004. - Daish, C.,
*The Physics of Ball Games*, pp. 77-83 and 146-161, The English Universities Press, 1972. - Griffing, D., The Dynamics of Sports, pp. 353-375, Mohican Publishing Company, Loudonville, Ohio, 1982.
- Koehler, J.,
*The Science of Pocket Billiards*, Sportology Publications, 1989. - Stoddard, J.,
*The Science of Billiards*, The F. A. Bassette Co., 1913.

- Coriolis, G.,
*Theorie mathematique des effets du jeu de billard (Mathematical Theory of the Game of Billiards)*, Journal de l'Ecole polytechnique, 1835.- Nadler, D., "
*Mathematical Theory of Spin, Friction, and Collision in the Game of Billiards*," an English translation of Coriolis' book, 2005.

- Nadler, D., "
- Marlow, W.,
*The Physics of Pocket Billiards*, Marlow Advanced Systems Technologies (MAST), 1995. - Shepard, R., "
*Amateur Physics for the Amateur Pool Player*," 3rd edition, 1997. - Stronge, W., "
*Impact Mechanics*," Cambridge University Press, 2000.

**general interest articles:**

- Alciatore, D., "The Amazing World of Billiards Physics," article written (by request) for
*Scientific American*magazine but not published, May, 2007. - Alciatore, D., Billiards Digest
*Dr. Dave's Illustrated Principles*monthly article. - Jewett, B., Billiards Digest
*TechTalk*monthly article. - Klein, A., "Big Shot - With the help of physics, a teenage pool player goes pro,"
*Science World*, v.63, n. 9, February, 2007. - Onoda, G., Billiards Digest series of articles from the late 1980s.
- Walker, J., "The Physics of the Follow, the Draw, and the Massé (in billiards and pool),"
*Scientific American*, July, 1983. - Wilmsen, E., "'Dr. Dave' teaches mechanical engineering principles through billiards,"
*Today @ Colorado State*, April 4, 2008.

**technical articles:**

- Alciatore, D., Pool and Billiards Physics Principles by Coriolis and Others, billiards.colostate.edu/physics/Alciatore_pool_physics_article.pdf, August, 2008.
- Alciatore, D., Technical Proofs for "The Illustrated Principles of Pool," 2002-present.
- Barnes, G., "Study of Collisions - Part I: A Survey of the Periodical Literature,"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 5-8, 1958. - Barnes, G., "Study of Collisions - Part II: A Survey of the Periodical Literature,"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 26, No. 9, pp. 9-12, 1958. - Bayes, J. and Scott, W., "Billiard-Ball Collision Experiment,"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 197-200, 1963. - Bouvill, M., "Position play in carom billiards as a Markov Process,"
*Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports*, Vol. 3, Issue 4, 2007. - Cross, R., "Cue and ball deflection (or "squirt") in billiards,"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 76, No. 3, pp. 205-212, 2008. - Cross, R., Rolling motion of a ball spinning about a near-vertical axis, The Physics Teacher, 50, 25-27, 2012.
- Crown, S., "Modeling the Effects of Velocity, Spin, Frictional Coefficient, and Impact Angle o Deflection Angle in Near-elastic Collisions of Phenolic Resin Spheres," Cornell University Library arXiv.org, 2004.
- Domenech, A. et al., "Introduction to the study of rolling friction,"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 55, No. 3, pp. 321-235, 1987. - Domenech, A., and Casasus, E., "Frontal impact of rolling spheres,"
*Phys. Educ.*, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 186-189, 1991. - Domenech, A., "Non-smooth modelling of billiard- and superbilliard-ball collisions,"
*International Journal of Mechanical Sciences*, Vol. 50, No. 4, pp. 752-763, April 2008. - Dussault, J. et al., Computational pool: an ORoptimization point of view, Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science, 2010.
- Greenspan, M., et al., "Toward a Competitive Pool-Playing Robot,"
*IEEE Computer*, pp. 46-53, January, 2008. - Gugan, D., "Inelastic collision and the Hertz theory of impact,"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 68, No. 10, pp. 920-924, October 2000. - Han, I., "Dynamics in Carom and Three Cushion Billiards,"
*Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology*(KSME Int'l J), Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 976-984, 2005. - Hierrezuelo, J. and Carnero, C., "Sliding and rolling: The physics of a rolling ball,"
*Phys Educ.*, 30 (3), pp. 177-182, 1995. - Kornfeind, P., et al, "Movement Variability of Professional Pool Billiards Players on Selected Tasks,"
*Procedia Engineering*, Vol. 112, pp. 540-545, 2015. - Leckte W. and Greenspan, M., "Pool Physics Simulation by Event Prediction 1: Motion Transitions,"
*International Computer Gaming Association Journal*, vol. 28(4):214-222, Dec. 2005. - Leckte W. and Greenspan, M., "Pool Physics Simulation by Event Prediction ii: Collisions,"
*International Computer Gaming Association Journal*, March, 2006. - Lewandowski, J. and Faustino, I., "Design, Fabrication, and Implementation of Jump-Cue Testing Machine" (2006).
*Osprey Journal of Ideas and Inquiry*, Paper 63, 2006. - Long, J. et al., "Robotic pool: An experiment in automatic potting," Proceedings of EIII/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Sendai, Japan, pp. 2530-2525, 2004.
- Mabry, R., "The Hardest Straight-in Pool Shot,"
*The College Mathematics Journal*, Vol. 41, No.1, pp. 49-57, January, 2010. - Mathavan, S., et al., "Application of high-speed imaging to determine the dynamics of billiards,"
*American Journal of Physics*Vol. 77, No. 9, pp. 788-794, 2009. - Mathavan, S., et al., "A theoretical analysis of billiard ball dynamics under cushion impacts," Proc. IMechE Vol. 224, Part C,
*Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*, 2010. - Mathavan, S., et al., "Numerical simulations of the frictional collisions of solid balls on a rough surface,"
*Sports Eng*, June, 2014. - Mathavan, S., et al., "Ball Positioning in Robotic Billiards: A Nonprehensile Manipulation-Based Solution,"
*IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics*, May, 2015. - McIntyre, D., "Using great circles to understand motion on a rotating sphere,"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 68, No. 12, pp. 1097–1105, December 2000. - Moore, A. D., "Mechanics of Billiards, and Analysis of Willie Hoppe's Stroke," College of Engineering, University of Michigan, 1942.
- Nierhoff, T., et al., "Robotic Billiards: Understanding Humans in Order to Counter Them,"
*IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics*, 2015. - Onoda, G., "Comment on 'Analysis of Billiard Ball Collisions in Two Dimensions',"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 57, No. 5, pp. 476-478, May, 1989. - Petit, R., "The Art of Billiards Play."
- Shepard, R., "Everything you Always Wanted to Know About Cue Ball Squirt, but Were Afraid to Ask," 2001.
- see also: summary

- Sorokin, A., "Investigation in Some Wave Properties of a Billiards Cue," http://dbkcues.ru/articles-2/investigation-in-some-wave-properties-of-a-billiards-cue/?lang=en, 2011.
- Tikhonov, S., "Russian Billiards: Table Difficulty," http://dbkcues.ru/2014/05/21/russian-billiards-table-difficulty-2/?lang=en, May, 2014.
- Wallace, R. and Schroeder, M., "Analysis of Billiard Ball Collisions in Two Dimensions,"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 56, No. 9, September, pp. 815-819, 1988. - Witters, J. and Duymelinck, D., "Rolling and sliding resistive forces on balls moving on a flat surface,"
*American Journal of Physics*, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 80-83, January, 1986. - Yang, J. and Chen, Y., "The design of jump shot decision-making system for a billiard robot," IEEE Conference on Robotics Automation and Mechatronics (RAM), Singapore, June 2010.

**websites:**

- pool-in-school teaching and learning resources
- The Art of Billiards Play (Regis Petit)
- Collisions (Rod Cross)
- The Illustrated Principle of Pool and Billiards (Dave Alciatore)
- Pool and Billiards Frequently Asked Questions (Bob Jewett)
- Real World Physics Problems - The Physics of Billiards